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When shot at, aliens have a nasty habit of shooting back. Their reaction fire is fast and deadly, but there are several ways to avoid reaction fire completely. The two most important things to know are:
- Mutual surprise. If X-COM and alien units spot each other simultaneously, the aliens will not fire first.
- Line of sight. Aliens cannot return fire upon units they cannot see.
Therefore, the soldier who sees the alien, should not be the soldier who shoots the alien. You should switch to units which have line of fire to the alien but not line of sight, and have them take it out without fear of reprisal. (Generally, if a unit can see an alien, the alien can see the unit -- although there are sometimes blind spots -- and at night, aliens can see 20 squares away while X-COM units can only see 9.)
Thus we have the Scout/Sniper teamwork tactic.
When first establishing your XCOM affiliate, with every dollar closely watched, consider having your soldiers who have good Reactions (above 50) but are poor in Firing Accuracy (below 50) and other stats be your scouts. They signed the Will all XCOM soldiers were required to sign. They each knew they were doing their part to save the world. Once you have the making of an integrated & experienced team, you can switch from cannon fodder to professional scouts.
The Scout creeps forward -- high Reactions, high movement/Time Units, always careful to keep looking around, always finishing the turn crouched and behind cover to avoid being noticed during the alien turn. When turning corners they wait for the Sniper to catch up and get a good angle on the corner.
The Sniper -- or preferably Snipers, plural, with high Firing Accuracy -- stay within the "safe", cleared area, moving only if the Scout has completed their movement with no alien contact, moving to keep the Scout covered.
If the scout spots an alien at the same time that the alien first spots him, the scout will not be fired on until his or her next action. So don't move the scout once an alien is spotted. If the scout can move out of the alien's line of sight by moving one square, this is permitted, and if the alien isn't looking, certain other actions can be performed safely. If the scout can move out of the alien's visual range, then he or she can become an additional sniper and safely fire upon the alien.
Snipers can then take shots at the alien safely. If they are out of range, they're safe from return fire. But they can still fire at the alien if they have line of sight. (Think of it as using spotter data, or a telescopic sight.) Units which don't have line of fire may still be able to toss grenades at the alien.
If using this tactic with several scouts -- or with multiple alien contacts in the same turn -- be sure to STOP advancing your scouts when your snipers run out of TU's. Otherwise you're just dropping bait in the water without a hook.
This tactic is best suited to the middle third of a battle, after LZ deployment and before storming the UFO, when there's a lot of relatively open ground to clear. See also Sweeping the Battlescape.
Smoke cover permits the use of Scout/Sniper tactics over short distances, or in confined areas. If a scout wandering through smoke spots an alien, have it freeze (or move one square back out of the alien's visual range), then have nearby soldiers fire at it through the smoke cloud with impunity. This works well during deployment from the transport -- if you have dropped a smoke grenade at the base of the ramp, snipers can hide in the cloud while scouts beat out the surrounding terrain.
- Don't fall into the trap where, when your scout gets shot, you walk another soldier to the same spot to see if you can spot the shooter. The enemy has the TU advantage, the established line of sight, and probably good cover to boot.
I've lost three soldiers rounding the same wheel of the Skyranger before it occurred to me this was unproductive behavior. --JellyfishGreen
- If there's a lot of open ground with nothing for your scouts to hide behind, consider having them e.g. move out ~6 tiles, then back 3-4. This ensures that an alien will have less TUs to shoot if it subsequently does move so as to see your scout. If you do this with scout pairs, they can switch off with one doing the running while the other rests (just moving up 3-4 to be next to the runner). The resting scout is also ready to take a couple of reaction shots, if needed.
- When all that separates your soldier and the alien is a closed interior door, as in our favorite Large Scout, try this trick with Heavy Plasma: Move a second soldier beside the door, where he's not in the line of fire. Have him shoot the door away. (It takes an average of 9 hits; see Destroying Terrain.) This leaves your first soldier facing the alien, and you can take your auto-shot before the alien can get in reaction fire. You can even place a third shooter beside your main shooter (on the far side of the door), where he might be able to e.g. look down a hallway angling away from the door. from StrategyCore
- Snipers can get best results with a series of Snap or even Aimed shots, if they are out of visibility range. This also reduces friendly fire risk. At closer range, though, Auto fire is better to keep the alien from getting off a reaction shot. Statistical calc of Snap vs Auto by Hobbes on StrategyCore
- Whenever possible, try to walk around corners at a 45-degree angle. If you can spot an alien at the same instant that it first spots you, it will not fire upon you. So instead of walking blindly around a corner and then turning, approach it at a diagonal. This will generally allow your troops to see what's around the corner as they round it. For more information see line of sight.
- As the game progresses, eventually Aimed shots become almost guaranteed hits for long distances.
- Using a Heavy Plasma (110% Base Aimed Shot accuracy), a Sniper who is kneeling (+16% accuracy on aimed shot), with an accuracy of 80 will have a 101% chance of hitting on target with an aimed shot. Since accuracy increases from shooting experience, a force can easily have 1 or 2 snipers with perfect or near-perfect accuracy. However, due to the variability of weapon damage, a single Heavy Plasma hit will still fail to kill a lowly Sectoid about 15% of the time, and a Muton about 60% of the time.
- The Rocket Launcher also benefits from aimed shots. It begins with a base aimed accuracy of 115%, which turns into 132% accuracy when kneeling. With a weapon accuracy this high, your soldier only needs to have an accuracy of 76 or greater to achieve almost perfect hits.
- Another favourite long distance weapon is the Plasma Rifle. Though its aimed shot is not as accurate as the Heavy Plasma, its snap shots have a base accuracy of 86%. Combined with kneeling, this becomes an impressive 98% accuracy. The lower cost of snap shots allows a sniper to fire off 3 shots per round, which makes up for the lower damage and increases the amount of hit experience that you can gather per mission. However, as the game progresses, aliens stop carrying plasma rifles in favor of heavy plasmas, and you must start manufacturing its ammo yourself.